Top 10 Ancient Surviving Cities In The World

  • on January 23, 2022
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Top 10 Ancient Surviving Cities In The World

No one has yet been able to come up with a perfect explanation or timeline for when our earth was created. But we know that the civilization that inhabited the world many years before today was formed on the shores of the rivers and oceans and there were innumerable settlements that have been lost in the course of time and many more are still being inhabited by human beings. We also want to know more about the world’s oldest cities and towns. So here are 10 notable descriptions of some of the most ancient cities that are still inhabited, as we will highlight today!

1. Beirut city

5000-year-old seaport

The total population is 19 lakhs

Beirut is the capital and main city of Lebanon, with a population of only 1.9 million. This ancient city of Lebanon was built on a Mediterranean peninsula. The city is the largest and main seaport in Lebanon. Hence it is known as an important commercial region of the country. Beirut has several suburbs. The Ottomans conquered Syria, including present-day Lebanon, under Ottoman Sultan Selim I (1512-1515). Beirut was controlled by the local Druze Emir during the Ottoman period. One of them, Fakhr al-Din II, protected it from the Ottomans in the early seventeenth century, but the Ottomans recaptured it in 163. Beirut was a small town of about 10,000 people during the northern period of the revolt against Ottoman rule under Jizar Pasha and Abdullah Pasha.

2. Erbil city

4300 years old long-lasting human settlement

The total population is 9 lakhs

Erbil is one of the oldest cities in northern Iraq, the capital of the province of Erbil. Erbil, near the city of Mosul, is more than 4,000 years old. The Sumerians founded the city in 2300 BC. It is home to some of the world’s longest-running human settlements. The Sumerians called the city Urbilum. The city has been an important commercial center since the beginning of history. Alexander the Great defeated Darius III, king of Persia, in 331 BC in a village called Gaugamela, near Erbil. It is now known as a Kurdish-majority city in Iraq. The city was plunged into civil war in the early 1990’s. Here the various Kurdish tribes are at war with each other. In 1996, Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) leaders called on Saddam Hussein to end the civil war. About 9 lakh people live here.

3. Aleppo city

One of the oldest cities is 6300 years old

 The total population is 44 lakhs

The largest city in Syria and the capital of Aleppo Muhafazar (Syrian province). It is located in northwestern Syria, 310 kilometers from the capital Damascus. Aleppo has a population of 4.4 million. It is also one of the largest cities in the East-Mediterranean region. For centuries, Aleppo was the most populous region of Syria and the third-largest city in the Ottoman Empire after Istanbul and Cairo. Aleppo is one of the ancientest cities in the world. Many claims that people have been living in Aleppo since 10,000 BC. However, excavations in the Syrian cities of Tel-As-Sawda and Tel-Al-Ansari have led many to claim that Aleppo has been inhabited since the third century BC. At that time, Aleppo excelled commercially and militarily. Behind Aleppo’s long history lies its geographical location. The city is a major hub for foreign trade between the Mediterranean and Mesopotamia.

4. Damascus city

The oldest city in the world is 12,000 years old

The total population is 16 lakhs

Damascus is the capital of Syria. Signs of human settlement have been found here for about 12,000 years. So many people claim that Damascus is the oldest city in the world. However, there is no strong evidence for this claim yet. From Alexander the Great, Pompeii to Khaled Ibn Walid, the land of Damascus has a rich history of all world champions. And so the ancient and medieval history of civilization will be discussed, but it is difficult to imagine that the name of the Syrian capital Damascus will not come up. Like Aleppo, Damascus was populated at the same time. However, many believe that people began to settle in the city in 10000 BC. The city is unique in the history of Islam. The first Umayyad caliph, Muawiyah (ra), led the Muslim world from Damascus, and in 60 AD he handed over the reins of power to his son Yazid, initiating the family system in the caliphate system. The total population of Damascus is 1.7 million.

5. Cairo City

Beginning on the banks of the 4000-year-old Nile River

 The total population is about 20 million

Cairo is the tenth most populous city in the world, is the capital of Egypt. People have been living in this city since ancient times. Built on the banks of the Nile River, the city dates back to the Stone Age. The region became a commercial hub for the convenience of communication by water. But it was during the time of the first Pharaoh Menes that he saw the real improvement. The construction of bridges and dams began in Cairo in the twentieth century. Due to all these improvements, the population of this city increased to one million in 1926. At present 1 crore 84 lakh 19 thousand people live here. During the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, colonial power collapsed in Cairo and throughout Egypt. From then on, Egyptians from other parts of Egypt began to move to Cairo. Cairo is made bigger to cope with the pressure of this growing population. It marks the beginning of the old Cairo and the new Cairo.

6. Athens city

The birthplace of a 3500-year-old democracy

The total population is 32 lakhs

At the beginning of Greek civilization, Greece was divided into smaller and smaller parts. As a result, many city-states were created. The mainland of Greece was Athens, Thebes, and Megara, and the region of Peloponnesus was Sparta and Corinth. Miletus was on the shores of Asia Minor. They were led by Athens, a famous city in Greece. The city, which is at the top of the tourist attraction, is about 3500 years old. This city is called the birthplace of democracy. The footsteps of Mahabir and sages are spread all over this city. There are many myths. There are historical installations of different periods. The beautiful sculptures seem to have witnessed thousands of years of history. So there are crowds of tourists here throughout the year. About this city Alexander, the Great said, ‘How great are the dangers I face to win a good name in Athens.

7. Shanghai city

1100 years old top populous city

The total population is 2.6 core

Shanghai is the third most populous city in the world.

Although it was founded in the 900s, it has a long history. It was settled here 6000 years ago. The city is currently experiencing a population explosion. According to the United Nations, the population of Shanghai in 2014 was about 23 million. Earlier in 1990, its population was a little over 6 lakh 23 thousand. Shanghai, the largest city in China, is also known as the Global Financial Hub. In 2016, Shanghai was ranked 16th in the Global Financial Center Index. It is the richest city in South Asia. The importance of Shanghai as a large administrative, port city, and a business city began to grow in the early 19th century. Then in the middle of the 19th-century socialism spread here.

8. Istanbul city

Cities on two continents 2500 years old

The total population is 1.5 crore

From ancient times the Turkish city of Istanbul has been known as the city of two continents. This two-and-a-half thousand-year-old city can be called a legend. Asia and Europe are collectively called Eurasia, whose dividing line is the Bosphorus, and the location of the Bosphorus Strait is in this ancient city. These are the most gorgeous cities all over the world. Istanbul was listed as the capital city of Europe by UNESCO in 2010. It is the only city with a geographical location on two continents. The planned city looks like a dream world. Istanbul was the capital and business area of the Ottoman Empire. The famous Napoleon Bonaparte said, “If the whole world were to think of one state, Istanbul would be its capital.”

9. Jerusalem city

5,000-year-old seaport

The total population is 9 lakhs

The historic city of Palestine, Jerusalem. Religious significance has been associated with this city since time immemorial. Jerusalem is recognized as a holy land by Muslims, Christians, and Jews. The Holy Temple is located in the religiously honorable Jerusalem. The Jews also call this area Temple Mount. The Muslim holy Al-Aqsa Mosque is located in Jerusalem, which is associated with the memory of the Muslims and contains the graves of many prophets and companions. Jerusalem also has a special status among Christians. They believe that Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem. This Bethlehem, described in the Bible, is located in the southern part of the city of Jerusalem. This place is therefore religiously important to Christians. Moreover, the Holy Wall of the Jews is located in Jerusalem.

10. Rome city

2773 years old city

The total population is 2.873 million lakhs

The journey to Rome began in the middle of the 8th century BC, from a small rural town on the banks of the Tiber River in Italy. That small rural town was the beginning of an empire. The empire’s influence extended beyond Europe to West Asia, North Africa, and the Mediterranean islands. The way in which the Roman Empire matched itself in all branches, including language, culture, and science, and their contribution to history, is unique. The widespread use of the Roman language (Latin, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian) derived from Latin, the modern Western alphabet, the calendar, and, above all, the rise of Christianity, one of the world’s major religions – all came at the hands of this empire.

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